Artist Tomás Saraceno pushes the conventions of art and architecture and their capacities to invoke inventive solutions to complex questions about how we inhabit and coexist in the world. The Walker Art Center exhibition
Tomás Saraceno: Lighter than Air
, on view May 14 (from 5–9 pm) through August 30, showcases installations, sculptures, and photographs from 2003 to the present. Saraceno’s work was first seen at the Walker in the exhibition Brave New Worlds (2007), and in fall 2008, he brought his Museo aero solar—a continuously expanding solar-powered balloon made from hundreds of reused plastic bags—to the Walker for a residency that focused on a collective investigation to improve the balloon’s flight potential. Lighter than Air is his first large-scale museum presentation in the United States.
Saraceno is internationally recognized for his architectural proposals that frame the interdependencies of systems to ponder ecological questions beyond the natural world. Much of his work has involved conceiving environments that anticipate new socio-cultural platforms for interacting and experiencing our surroundings. “Saraceno is treating the gallery space as a biosphere, where works installed in close proximity sometimes connect through a network of cords and ropes to offer a concrete picture of what the world would look like if he was to design it,” says Walker associate curator Yasmil Raymond.
Following in the tradition of architects and theorists R. Buckminster Fuller, Peter Cook, Yona Friedman, and other visionaries, Saraceno looks to scientific principles and technological innovations to develop ideas for sustainable communities and new models for social interactions. Conceived by the artist as an entire organism, Lighter than Air closely integrates the works on view, formally and structurally, to render a network of relationships as well as illustrate the breadth of his practice. The exhibition’s design is inspired by the ecological theories championed by physicist Fritjof Capra, who argued that “Throughout the living world, we find systems nesting within other systems. And living systems also include communities of organisms. These may be social systems—a family, a school, a village—or ecosystems.” The exhibition integrates indoor and outdoor spaces throughout the Walker building, including staircases and hallways, with a network of electrical cables connected to solar panels oriented towards existing light sources. Electricity generated through this web of cables, receivers, and generators will cultivate the grass growing inside 32SW stay green/Flying Garden/Air-Port-City (2007), a self-sustainable greenhouse equipped with an irrigation system that waters a cluster of inflatable spheres.
The centerpiece of the exhibition is the sculpture Girasol (Turning Sun) (2009). Conceived for both the gallery and an adjacent outdoor terrace, it plays up the interdependencies between the sun, the wind, and technology. A wind turbine located on the terrace will power a video camera attached to a sunflower as it records intermittent views of the sky and the flower’s movement as it searches for sunlight. The captured images will be projected inside the gallery. Foregoing the practical and the plausible, Saraceno seeks to harness the power of imagination—his own and the viewer’s—to make a leap together into forms and vehicles that render the impossible possible.
Also on view will be photographs as well as a wall-sized drawing, Air-Port-City (2009), depicting the artist’s vision for an airborne metropolis floating above an earthbound city. Intrigued by the question of national borders, Saraceno has designed an urban setting where residents circumvent geopolitical boundaries, challenging notions of nationhood, land ownership, and borderlines. As the artist has said, “My idea for an Air-Port-City is to create platforms or habitable cells made up of cities that float in the air. These change form and join together like clouds. This freedom of movement is borrowed from the orderly structure of airports, and it allows for the creation of the first international city. . . . Air-Port-City is like a flying airport; you will be able to legally travel across the world . . . . This structure seeks to challenge today’s political, social, cultural, and military restrictions in an attempt to re-establish new concepts of synergy.”
Such a degree of autonomy is palpable in the sculpture Iridescent Planet (2009), created especially for the exhibition. A balloon anchored to the Walker’s terrace collects its energy from solar panels while depending on the force of the wind for its sustainability. Within this equilibrium, Saraceno strives to formulate systems in which the “cooperation” of individual parts—where one lament is contingent on the other—becomes a model for viewing the earth as a single organism.
While Saraceno’s series of inflatable sculptures and environments introduces many of the conceptual concerns echoed in his “flying cities” of the future, his experiments outside the studio are also central to his practice. These investigations, most recently in the form of handmade spheres, provide him with models of the internal mechanics of flying vehicles. In Museo aero solar (an ongoing project initiated in 2007), Saraceno embraces the idea of building a solar-powered balloon constructed of used plastic bags assembled with adhesive tape by hundreds of volunteers across eight cities around the world, including Sharjah (United Arab Emirates); Medellin (Colombia); Lyon (France); Rapperswil (Switzerland); Tirana (Albania); Ein Hawd (Israel); and most recently in Minneapolis while the artist was in residence at the Walker. Conceived in collaboration with writer and activist Alberto Pesavento during a visit to Isola Art Center in Milan, Museo aero solar developed out of a desire to employ a “do-it-yourself” approach towards technology, pursuing a fantastical goal, in Saraceno’s words, “to build the world’s largest flying museum.” The simplest of materials are made to contain energy in the spirit of Fuller’s motto “do more with less.”
Born in Tucamán, Argentina, in 1973, Tomás Saraceno lives in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. He has had solo exhibitions at the University of California, Berkeley (2007); Tanya Bonakdar Gallery, New York (2007, 2008); De Vleeshal, Netherlands (2007); Centre d’Art Santa Monica, Barcelona, Spain (2006); The Curve, Barbican Art Gallery, London (2006); Portikus Frankfurt (with Marjetica Potrc) (2006); and Pinksummer, Genoa, Italy (2004). His participation in numerous group exhibitions has included Psycho Buildings: Architecture by Artists, Hayward Gallery, London (2008); Greenwashing—Environment: Perils, Promises and Perplexities, Fondazione Sandretto Re Rebaudengo, Turin, Italy (2008); The Liverpool Biennial 2008, Liverpool, UK (2008); 50 Moons of Saturn: T2 Torino Triennale, Turin, Italy (2008); Brave New Worlds, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis (2007);The History of a Decade that Has Not Yet Been Named, Lyon Biennial, France (2007); Still Life. Art, Ecology, and the Politics of Change, Sharjah Biennial 8, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates(2007); Como Viver Junto (How to Live Together), 27th São Paulo Biennale (2006); I still believe in miracles, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris (2005); Project Rotterdam, Museum Boijmans van Bueningen, Rotterdam (2005); Dialectic of Hope, Moscow Biennale of Contemporary Art, Moscow (2005); and Dreams and Conflicts: The Dictatorship of the Viewer, 50th International Art Exhibition, La Biennale di Venezia, Venice, Italy (2003).
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota
May 14–August 30, 2009
Blaffer Gallery, the Art Museum of the University of Houston, Texas
January 16–April 3, 2010
Target Free Thursday Nights
Thursday, May 14
Opening-Day Artist Talk, 6 pm
Tomás Saraceno talks with exhibition curator Yasmil Raymond about the ideas behind his work on view in the gallery as well as other projects, including his recent Walker residency involving the solar-powered balloon Museo aero solar.
Thursday, May 21
Art Lab: Glow Geodesic, 6–9 pm
Star Tribune Foundation Art Lab
Celebrate some of the utopian ideals present in Tomás Saraceno’s artworks in this lab that is one part R. Buckminster Fuller and one part eco-architecture. Participants will make solar-powered geodesic dome lamps—from recycled materials, of course—that get some of their illumination from sunlight.
Thursday, August 27
Sound Bites: Tomás Saraceno: Lighter than Air, 6:30 and 7 pm
Meet in the Bazinet Garden Lobby
Contemporary art and artists are the focus of these 15-minute gallery conversations led by Walker tour guides. Each highlights selected artworks, artists, or themes that serve as topics for illuminating discussions.
Target Free Thursday Nights sponsored by Target.
Free First Saturdays are for Families
Up, Up, and Away
Saturday, June 6, 10 am–3 pm, Free
Minneapolis Sculpture Garden
Fantasies of flight become reality in a day inspired by the exhibition.
Performance: Xelias Aerial Performance Company
11 am and 1 pm
Watch humans soar as the Walker green becomes an airborne playground for Xelias Aerial Performance Company in this cirque–style show.
Art-Making for the Entire Family: Wonderful Wind
10 am–3 pm
Make a wind turbine with KidWind Project, a St. Paul-based organization committed to teaching children about renewable resources and innovative energy solutions.
Free First Saturday is sponsored by Ameriprise Financial. Program support by Medtronic Foundation. As part of the Walker Art Center’s Raising Creative Kids Initiative, additional support is made possible by a grant from the U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services.
Sunday, July 5, 2 pm
Thursday, July 9, 2 pm
Saturday, July 18, 2 pm
Friday, July 24, 2 pm
Friday, August 7, 2 pm
Sunday, August 9, 2 pm
Saturday, August 29, 2 pm
Sunday, August 30, 2 pm
Gallery Admission, Hours
$10 adults; $8 seniors (65+); $6 students/teens (with ID)
Free to Walker members and children ages 12 and under.
Free with a paid ticket to a same-day Walker event.
Free to all every Thursday evening (5–9 pm) and on the first Saturday of each month (10 am–5 pm).
Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday 11 am–5 pm
Thursday 11 am–9 pm